Research and Reports

Research & Reports on Immigration, Settlement and Welcoming Communities


Research Reports

Seniors’ Health in the GTA: How Immigration, Language & Racialization Impact Seniors’ Health (2017)

This report from the Wellesley Institute discusses the impact of immigration, language, and racialized identity on social determinants of health outcomes including health care access, as well as self-reported health and mental health across ethnically and linguistically diverse senior populations in the GTA.  Analysis of the Canadian Community Health Survey data revealed significant disparities in seniors’ health across a number of factors. The report also identifies groups that experience the greatest health disadvantages – recent immigrant seniors, those whose mother tongue is not English, and racialized seniors.

Additional research reports and publications on health and inequality by the Wellesley Institute can be found on their website:

Making Ontario Home (2013)
Making Ontario Home is the first province-wide study of immigrant and refugee use of settlement and integration services in Ontario. The report includes research findings on service use, satisfaction, and challenges among immigrants.

Where are the Good Jobs? Ten stories of working rough, living poor Summary Report (2013)
This summary report presents ten case stories of immigrant families from racialized backgrounds who are struggling to find stable employment in Canada.  It is based on results from the third phase of a community-based research project conducted by the Income Security, Race and Health (ISRH) team in Toronto.

Research Organizations and Hubs

Poverty Free Ontario
Poverty Free Ontario is an initiative of the Social Planning Network of Ontario (SPNO). The SPNO is a non-partisan, non-profit organization. Originally created in 1992 as a province-wide network of more than 20 local social planning and community development councils (SPCs)

Social Planning Toronto
Social Planning Toronto is committed to independent social planning at the local and city-wide levels in order to improve the quality of life for all people in Toronto. It is committed to diversity, social and economic justice, and active civic participation in all aspects of community life.

Caledon Institute of Social Policy
The Caledon Institute does high-quality research and analysis; seeks to inform and influence public opinion and to foster public discussion on poverty and social policy. The institute covers a broad range of social policy areas including income security (e.g., pensions, welfare, child benefits, Employment Insurance, benefits for Canadians with disabilities), community capacity-building, taxation, social spending, employment development services, social services, disability supports and health.

Tamarack : An institute for Community Engagement
Tamarack is an Institute dedicated to the art and science of community engagement and collaborative leadership.

Cities of Migration
Cities of Migration brings an urban lens to its view of good integration practice, and seeks to promote city-to-city learning exchange and create links between the many actors who are involved in the practical day-to-day work of making integration a key component of urban success, internationally. There is a library of e-resources on related research, practice and policy.

The Wellesley Institute
We focus on developing research, policy and community mobilization to advance population health.
We conduct our work through four core pillars: housing, health care, economics, and immigrant health.

TIEDI -Toronto Immigrant Employment Data Initiative
The purpose of the project is to provide such organizations with free access to statistical data and analysis on various aspects of immigrant labour market integration. The goal is to help organizations access the quantitative data they need in order to: identify priorities, develop programs and services, compose proposals and reports, and carrying out advocacy and public education endeavours.

Integration-Net is a communications, information and research tool to support the work of the Canadian settlement community.

York University Centre for Refugee Studies
The Centre for Refugee Studies is involved in research on refugee issues.  It informs public dialogue and social policy and supports teaching in the field of refugee and migration studies.

City of Toronto Social Policy, Analysis and Research Information Resources

Wellbeing Toronto
Neighbourhood Profiles
Census 2011 Backgrounders & other resources